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Diabetes is of two types. In type I diabetes, there is total absence of Insulin and hence the blood sugar derangement, quite extreme. As a result they will get admitted to hospital at the time of diagnosis. Insulin injections are a life savior and a must. They require a long acting insulin called basal insulin and a meal time short acting insulin. It forms 3-5% of Diabetic cases. Best diabetes doctor. Best hypertension doctor.
Best Diabetes doctor. Best Kidney specialist. WHAT IS DIABETES? Its full name is Diabetes Mellitus, but it’s generally called Diabetes. It is a medical term for a group of chronic diseases in which the body fails to complete the conversion of certain foods into energy. Normally, during digestion, the body changes sugar, starch, and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. The blood carries this glucose to the body’s cells, where, with the help of insulin (a hormone produced in the pancreas), it changes into quick energy for immediate use or storage for future needs. This process of turning food into energy is crucial, because the body depends on energy for everything from thinking to physical activity. In Diabetes, the food is turned into glucose readily enough but cannot enter the body’s cells as lack of insulin production or its effect on the cells in the body. The most common forms of Diabetes are Type I and Type II. In Type I, the person’s pancreas does not produce enough insulin so the supply of glucose can be used. As a result, very high blood sugar and other metabolic abnormalities occur. In the absence of insulin, the metabolic abnormality is quite severe. As a result, these people are picked up quite early because of their symptoms. In Type II, the pancreas produces enough insulin, but the body’s cells can’t use it properly. This means that the unused glucose once again causes high blood sugars. Prevalence of Diabetes in The United States There are about 18 million people with Diabetes in the United States; half of them are still not diagnosed. About 90-95% of these people have Type II Diabetes. Diabetes and its complications are the sixth leading cause of death in the United States, outranked by heart disease and cancer. Diabetes is a major cause of blindness in adults, and causes diabetics to suffer heart attacks twice as often as non-diabetics. The life expectancy of those with some form of Diabetes is one/third shorter than the general population. The most important thing is to recognize Diabetes early so the treatment can be started before the disease has had a chance to damage your health.
Diabetes is of two types. In type I diabetes, there is total absence of Insulin and hence the blood sugar derangement, quite extreme. It forms 3-5% of Diabetic cases. Whereas, type II diabetes is much more common and rapidly increasing. We have a tendency to think, it is a disease of blood sugar. It is an “insulin resistant” state and even though insulin is produced, it is not enough to control the blood sugar. This is a slowly progressive disease and it takes 12-18 years for one to become diabetic. It is a vascular disease that is a “Silent Killer” and is the most common cause of blindness, heart disease, stroke, kidney failure and amputation.
Diabetes is of two types. In type I diabetes, there is total absence of Insulin and hence the blood sugar derangement, quite extreme. It forms 3-5% of Diabetic cases. Whereas, type II diabetes is much more common and rapidly increasing. We have a tendency to think, it is a disease of blood sugar. It is an “insulin resistant” state and even though insulin is produced, it is not enough to control the blood sugar. This is a slowly progressive disease and it takes 12-18 years for one to become diabetic. It is a vascular disease that is a “Silent Killer” and is the most common cause of blindness, heart disease, stroke, kidney failure and amputation. Type II diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder, where weight gain around the belly button, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and high blood sugar coexists in the same patient. Hence the term, “Terrible Quartet”. It is a different disease in men and women. In men it is associated with male menopause or Andropause. There is male pattern baldness, weight gain, muscle wasting, sexual dysfunction and mental irritability and anger. In female it causes Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome PCOD. This is associated with increase hair growth all over the body, pimples (Acne), obesity, male facial changes, irregular menstrual cycle and infertility. This is rapidly growing in young girls, specially in counties like Indian Subcontinent and Chine. Diabetes is a disease of rapid aging called Progeria. So at the age of 40 one becomes like 50 and at 50 like 65. But the good news today is that every complication of diabetes are reversible, if treated appropriately. People can aspire to not only have a good quality of life but, live even longer than those who do not have diabetes. Best diabetes doctor in Gurgaon. Best Diabetes doctor in Delhi.
Whereas, type II diabetes is much more common and rapidly increasing. We have a tendency to think, this is a disease of blood sugar. It is an “insulin resistant” state and even though insulin is produced, it is not enough to control the blood sugar. This is a slowly progressive disease and it takes 12-18 years for one to become diabetic. It is a vascular disease that is a “Silent Killer” and is the most common cause of blindness, heart disease, stroke, kidney failure and amputation.
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